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Au Bangladesh, les "Info Ladies" apportent Internet dans des villages isolés - Le projet est le fruit d'une ONG de développement local, D.Net, lancée en 2010. Outre une connexion à Internet, les "Info Ladies", des jeunes femmes, elles-mêmes d'origine rurale, apportent une flopée de services, payants ou gratuits. Elles parlent de sujets tabous avec les jeunes filles, comme la contraception et le sida, aident les villageois à écrire des lettres de plainte aux autorités, ou sensibilisent les fermiers au bon usage des fertilisants et des insecticides -  L’opération n’est pas purement caritative. Les "Info Ladies" sont à la fois des entrepreneuses et des fournisseuses de services publics. En 2012, la banque centrale du Bangladesh a accepté d’octroyer des prêts sans intérêt pour aider ces auto-entrepreneuses à payer leur matériel.

http://infolady.com.bd/

 

INFO Ladies of Bangladesh in English The Info Ladies cover many miles on their journeys from village to village. With their bicycles and laptops, the Info Ladies of Bangladesh bring the world a sense of independence from one village to the next. This has changed the country, and their lives, too. The young women have become role models for a whole generation.
 

.... voir aussi :

TIC - Alphabétisation et formation des femmes

Ecole - Eduquer empowerment des femmes

 

FRANCAIS:


JHARABARSHA, Bangladesh (Sipa-AP) -- Il y a quelques années encore, Amina Begum n'avait jamais vu d'ordinateur. Aujourd'hui, cette villageoise du Bangladesh discute régulièrement par vidéo-téléphonie sur le Web avec son mari expatrié. Une opération rendue possible par le projet "Info Ladies", créé en 2008 par D.Net, impliqué dans le secteur du développement, en coopération avec d'autres organismes.

Près de 60 "Info Ladies" pédalent jusqu'aux villages reculés de 19 des 64 districts que compte le Bangladesh pour apporter une connexion Internet à des dizaines de milliers d'habitants -surtout des femmes. Elles les aident à accéder aux services publics en ligne ou à communiquer avec leurs proches. Une possibilité précieuse dans un pays où seulement 5 des 152 millions d'habitants ont accès à Internet.

Recrutées par D.Net, les "Info Ladies" sont formées pendant trois mois à l'utilisation d'un ordinateur, d'Internet, d'une imprimante et d'un appareil photo. L'entreprise les aide ensuite à contracter un prêt pour acheter vélo et équipement. "De cette façon, nous fournissons un travail à des femmes sans emploi et, en même temps, nous donnons accès à des informations primordiales aux villageois", explique Ananya Raihan, directeur général de D.Net.

L'opération n'est pas purement caritative. Pour parler à son mari qui travaille en Arabie saoudite, Amina Begum débourse 200 takas (1,9 euro) pour une heure de connexion. Sathi Akhtar, une "Info Lady", dispose, elle, de 10.000 takas (96,7 euros) une fois son prêt de 120.000 takas (1.160,2 euros) remboursé. C'est plus qu'elle ne gagnerait en étant maîtresse d'école, dit-elle.

 

Une ouverture sur le monde

Amina Begum sourit timidement lorsque le visage de son mari apparaît sur l'écran. Elle lui raconte qu'elle a reçu l'argent qu'il lui a envoyé. Il lui répond d'acheter des terres. La belle-mère d'Amina elle-même s'est mise à la vidéotéléphonie sur Internet pour parler avec son fils, depuis leur petite ferme du district de Gaibandha, à 192km au nord de la capitale, Dacca.

Dans le village voisin de Saghata, Tamanna Islam Dipa, 16 ans, profite de la venue de l'"Info Lady" pour se connecter au monde. "Je n'ai pas d'ordinateur mais lorsque l'Info Lady vient, j'utilise son ordinateur portable pour discuter avec mes amis sur Facebook", raconte-t-elle. "Nous échangeons sur les notes que nous avons pris en cours, et parfois nous évoquons des problèmes de société comme les effets néfastes du mariage des enfants, la dot et les violences sexuelles contre les filles."

Des services publics


Les "Info Ladies" apportent une connexion à Internet, mais aussi une flopée de services, payants ou gratuits. Elles parlent de sujets tabous avec les jeunes filles, comme la contraception et le sida, aident les villageois à écrire des lettres de plainte aux autorités, ou sensibilisent les fermiers au bon usage des fertilisants et des insecticides. Pour 10 takas (9 centimes d'euros), elles aident les étudiants à remplir leurs dossiers d'inscription à l'université sur Internet.

"Les 'Info Ladies' sont à la fois des entrepreneuses et des fournisseuses de services publics", résume Ananya Raihan. D.Net s'est inspiré du projet de Muhammad Yunus, le prix Nobel bangladais chantre du micro-crédit, qui a introduit l'usage du téléphone portable dans les campagnes en 2004 en envoyant des cohortes de "Mobile Ladies" auprès des villageoises qui n'avaient pas accès au téléphone. Aujourd'hui, plus de 92 millions de personnes ont accès à la téléphonie mobile au Bangladesh. Ananya Raihan voit tout aussi loin: d'ici 2016, il espère avoir formé 15.000 femmes.

 

Avec le soutien de  D.net:

D.net a social enterprise, which envisages to use information and communication technology (ICT) for economic development of Bangladesh.
http://dnet.org.bd/

 

---------------------------------

in ENGLISH

 

'Info ladies' go biking to bring remote Bangladeshi villages online

 

INFO Ladies of Bangladesh

The Info Ladies of Bangladesh: The women who bring the web on wheels to thousands in country's remotest villages


The Info Ladies bike hundreds of miles, bringing laptop computers and internet connections to thousands in impoverished farming villages
  >>  Villagers can contact loved ones via Skype, use social media like Facebook and find out about government services
  >>  Vital service in a country where only five million of 152m have internet access
  >>  Info Ladies also offer advice on health matters and are trained to give blood tests

 

The Info Ladies cover many miles on their journeys from village to village. With their bicycles and laptops, the Info Ladies of Bangladesh bring the world a sense of independence from one village to the next. This has changed the country, and their lives, too. The young women have become role models for a whole generation.

 

JHARABARSHA, Bangladesh (AP) — Amina Begum had never seen a computer until a few years ago, but now she's on Skype regularly with her husband. A woman on a bicycle brings the Internet to her.

Dozens of "Info Ladies" bike into remote Bangladeshi villages with laptops and Internet connections, helping tens of thousands of people — especially women — get everything from government services to chats with distant loved ones. It's a vital service in a country where only 5 million of 152 million people have Internet access.

The Info Ladies project, created in 2008 by local development group D.Net and other community organizations, is modeled after a program that helped make cellphones widespread in Bangladesh. It intends to enlist thousands more workers in the next few years with startup funds from the South Asian country's central bank and expatriates working around the world.

D.Net recruits the women and trains them for three months to use a computer, the Internet, a printer and a camera. It arranges bank loans for the women to buy bicycles and equipment.

"This way we are providing jobs to jobless women and at the same time empowering villagers with critical information," said Ananya Raihan, D.Net's executive director.

The women — usually undergraduates from middle-class rural families — aren't doling out charity. Begum pays 200 takas ($2.40) for an hour of Skype time with her husband, who works in Saudi Arabia.

Begum smiles shyly when her husband's cheerful face pops up. With earphones in place, she excitedly tells him she received the money he sent last month. He asks her to buy farm land.

Even Begum's elderly mother-in-law now uses Skype to talk with her son.

"We prefer using Skype to mobile phones because this way we can see him on the screen," Begum said, beaming happily from her tiny farming village in Gaibandha district, 120 miles (192 kilometers) north of the capital, Dhaka.

In the neighboring village of Saghata, an Info Lady is 16-year-old Tamanna Islam Dipa's connection to social media.

"I don't have any computer, but when the Info Lady comes I use her laptop to chat with my Facebook friends," she said. "We exchange our class notes and sometimes discuss social issues, such as bad effects of child marriage, dowry and sexual abuse of girls."

View galleryIn this Sept. 30, 2012, photo, Bangladeshi Info Ladies …
In this Sept. 30, 2012, photo, Bangladeshi Info Ladies pedal their way from one place to another at …
The Info Ladies also provide a slew of social services — some for a fee and others for free.

They sit with teenage girls where they talk about primary health care and taboo subjects like menstrual hygiene, contraception and HIV. They help villagers seeking government services write complaints to authorities under the country's newly-enacted Right to Information Act.

They talk to farmers about the correct use of fertilizer and insecticides. For 10 takas (12 cents) they help students fill college application forms online. They're even trained to test blood pressure and blood sugar levels.

"The Info Ladies are both entrepreneurs and public service providers," Raihan said.

Raihan borrowed the idea from Bangladeshi Nobel laureate Muhammad Yunus, who in 2004 introduced mobile phones to rural women who had no access to telephones of any kind, by training and sending out scores of "Mobile Ladies" into the countryside.

View galleryIn this Sept. 30, 2012, photo, a group of Bangladeshi …
In this Sept. 30, 2012, photo, a group of Bangladeshi girls, aged between 12 and 17, hold courtyard …
That hugely successful experiment drew in commercial mobile phone operators. Now more than 92 million people in Bangladesh have cellphone access.

Nearly 60 Info Ladies are working in 19 of Bangladesh's 64 districts. By 2016, Raihan hopes to train 15,000 women.

In July, Bangladesh's central bank agreed to offer interest-free loans to Info Ladies. Distribution of the first phase of loans, totaling 100 million takas ($1.23 million), will begin in December. Raihan said D.Net is also encouraging the large population of Bangladeshi expatriates to send money home to help Info Ladies get started.

"It's very innovative," says Jamilur Reza Chaudhury, a pioneer of information technology education in Bangladesh. "The project is really having an impact on the people at grass-root level."

Info Lady Sathi Akhtar, who works in Begum's and Dipa's villages, said she makes more at the job than she would as a school teacher. She said that after making payments on her 120,000 taka ($1,480) loan and covering other costs, she takes home an average of 10,000 takas ($123) a month.

"We are not only earning money, we are also contributing in empowering our women with information. That makes us happy."

 

Based on the feature of Associate Press (AP) Dnet's IONFOLADY model has been featured in global media. After the feature has been released on 2nd November most of the world-wide popular dailies, journals, blogs and online media including The New York Times, The Monitor, Washington Post, Gulf News, China Post, The Hindu etc. published it in different ways.
http://infolady.com.bd/trainingcourses.html
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/

Meet the Infos Ladies

http://observers.france24.com/

 

Make Things Happen
A Daily News Blog Dedicated To Female Empowerment & Inspiration
For Millennial Women
http://girltalkhq.com/bangladeshi-women-riding-ahead-of-men-in-technology/

 

D.net a social enterprise, which envisages to use information and communication technology (ICT) for economic development of Bangladesh.
Vision: A society, where information and knowledge facilitates participation of all stakeholders for generation of wealth, and, its equitable distribution for poverty alleviation, improving well-being and building peace.Mission: To promote fusion of social and technology innovations for building replicable and scalable social development models that contribute towards poverty alleviation, improving well-being and building peace. Dnet has secured a number of critical partnerships that span government agencies, telecommunications operators, outreach partners, and the private sector.
http://dnet.org.bd/

 

L’autonomisation des femmes dans les sociétés pastorales par  Fiona Flintan - sept 2008 étude 166 pages - Étude sur les bonnes pratiques
https://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/gender_study_french_1.pdf

 

 

 

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