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18-12-2014  

Habitat d'urgence

 

Un autre monde est possible - Habitat d'urgence

http://membres.lycos.fr/ecologiesociale/index.html 

 

Habitat de crise en bambou - module en forme de dôme de 20 m2 conditionné dans un caisson en bambou de 1,20x1,20 maximum

http://archaodin.fr/stockage/homesweetdome/ 

Shigeru Ban, architecte de l’urgence - Paper Log Houses - Maisons en tubes de carton -

Humaniste, fonctionnelle, ingénieuse, poétique, l'architecture de Shigeru Ban recycle des matériaux préfabriqués - containers, tubes de carton, textiles et redéfinit nos façons d'explorer l'environnement ou les modes d'habiter.

http://www.shigerubanarchitects.com/ 

 

Drop House, ou la maison ultra-mobile - Ni fondation ni clôture, une maison au bardage bois - Avec ses 13 m de long, 3 m de haut et autant de large, la maison est transportable par camion - La maison de 50 m2, dispose d'une grande pièce à vivre à laquelle ont été greffés latéralement une cuisine et une salle de bains. Un belvédère (chambre d'appoint), accessible depuis l'intérieur, développe le volume à la verticale. Dans l'idéal, ces petites unités greffées pourraient se rabattre comme des tiroirs et former un seul grand volume lorsque les propriétaires sont absents. Ainsi, les espaces s'ouvrent et se ferment en fonction des utilisations. Architecte : Drop Architectes Maître d'ouvrage : Algeco Budget : 50 000 euros

http://d3architectes.fr/ 

 

Design  Espaces Archi - Architecture de l'essentiel - Droop house, habitat sdf

http://www2.ac-lyon.fr/enseigne/arts-appliques/gta/fichiers/DesignEspaceArchi.pdf 

 

Le bois en architecture nomade et temporaire - Légères et démontables, les constructions en bois sont depuis longtemps associées aux évènements temporaires. Mais le nomadisme du bois va plus loin : il permet d'envisager la maison de demain, que nous emporterons avec nous à chaque voyage.. Constructions saisonnières ou temporaires telles que les théâtres mobiles, kiosques à musique, billetteries, stands et pavillons d'exposition, habitations légères de loisir (HLL), village de vacances. Quel matériau ? Essentiellement le lamibois, qui peut aussi bien servir pour les poutres et les murs que pour les planchers et les plafonds apparents.

http://www.bois.com/particuliers/construire/pourquoi/architecture-nomade 

 

Concours habitat nomade – Dans le cadre du Festival de la Diversité Culturelle de l’UNESCO, a été lancé le 14 mai 2009, le concours international d’architecture Nouveaux Habitats Nomades - dépot de dossier 30 juin 2011 - réponse d’aujourd’hui aux problèmes de toujours: Concevoir un foyer pour une famille nomade, 80 % des matériaux constituant le gîte devant être naturels et donc renouvelables. L’accent est mis sur le réalisme du projet, les projets lauréats devant être construits pour s’intégrer au 360 CAMP lors des principales étapes en France, Chine, USA, etc. Ce travail de prospective directement destiné aux populations nomades, pourrait également se traduire par la fourniture d’équipements aux sociétés de tourisme, s’adressant une clientèle sensibilisée la problématique du développement durable. On peut notamment envisager leur emploi pour des populations déplacées en raison de catastrophes naturelles ou humaines.

http://www.werarchitects.com/2009/06/29/concours-nomade-edition-2009-in-french/

 

The Open Architecture Network is an online, open source community dedicated to improving living conditions through innovative and sustainable design - Share their ideas, designs and plans - Protect their intellectual property rights using the Creative Commons "some rights reserved" licensing system and be shielded from unwarranted liability

http://www.openarchitecturenetwork.org/

Architecture & Développement - A&D regroupe des experts dans des différents domaines sur des missions courtes de diagnostic ou d’évaluation.

http://www.archidev.org/

Usage du bambou dans le domaine de la construction  - Chantier école réalisation d’une construction-prototype mettant en œuvre des technologies innovantes utilisant le bambou, sorte d’“abris communautaire“ pouvant accueillir un petit marché, une salle de réunion, des espaces de repos, de jeux

http://www.archidev.org/article.php3?id_article=527

Abri géodésique pour les réfugiés - GeoShelter, SuperDome pour abris après des désastres, pour des campings avec le modèle pyramidal

http://www.deployablegeoshelters.com/ 

 

Necessity Housing - Une maison en 3 jours - Une maison à très bas coût, utilisant une technologie de panneaux à base de paille - Necessity Housing Corporation is a non-profit dedicated to providing education required for building economically and environmentally sustainable villages -

contact : necessityhousing @@@ usa.net.

http://www.necessityhousing.org/   

Une maison à 1.000$ - Necessity Housing on Youtube - Replacing Slums with Hope - For $1,000 we can help people build a home in 6 hours that has two room, good air circulation, plenty of natural light and the ability to grow food on the roof when there is no land available around the house.

http://www.youtube.com/user/necessityhousing 

 

Micro-maisons en roseaux en Thaïlande - TYIN architecture humanitaire Norvège - Trondheim

Emergency Architecture 

http://www.tyintegnestue.no/ 

http://www.tyintegnestue.blogspot.com/ 

http://www.trendir.com/house-design/tag/compact-home-designs 

 

Habitat d'urgence autonome démontable, autoconstruit 33m2 pour environ 400 Euro - fiche technique , explication, plan, tuto, anarchie pratique, écologie profonde...

http://ecoclash.over-blog.org/article-19066405.html 

Habitat minimum et mobile pour situations d’urgence - team - Encore heureux + G studio

http://encoreheureux.org/site4/architecture/room-room 

Room-Romm habitat d'urgence

http://www.gstudioarchitecture.com/ 

ParaSITE un abri gonflable pour SDF à raccorder sur une bouche d'air chaud - The paraSITE units in their idle state exist as small, collapsible packages with handles for transport by hand or on one's back.

http://michaelrakowitz.com/parasite/ 

Un module pour l'habitat d'urgence - Un habitat léger, indépendant des réseaux de distribution et facilement relocalisable : c’est le projet qu’a développé le cabinet d’architectes Clé Millet international à travers les «modules de solidarité». Destiné aux sans-abris, qu’il s’agisse des SDF ou des personnes délogées de leur habitat par une catastrophe naturelle, ce système se veut avant tout une solution d’urgence.

http://www.batiactu.com/edito/un-module-autonome-pour-l-habitat-d-urgence--diapo-p2-22004.php 

Clé Millet Architecture - module d'habitat d'urgencee

http://www.clemilletinternational.com/ 

 

Micro-maisons en roseaux en Thaïlande - TYIN architecture humanitaire Norvège - Trondheim - Emergency Architecture 

http://www.tyintegnestue.no/

 

 

Autriche: 

Bauern helfen Bauern - Salzburg

Habitat d'urgence à 3.600 €   - maison en bois fabriquée en Autriche pour le Kosovo

Fast Construction of Wooden Emergency Houses  in former Yugoslavia

http://www.bhb.sbg.at/   

 

A successfully running program in the field of emergency housing in the Balkans area

 

Technologies, solutions and constructive systems: Quick and affordable construction systems for disaster zones where wood is available.   Level of Activity: Small farms in villages Ecosystem:  Continental

Acting Organization: Farmers helping Farmers (Austria) Technology: Institute for applied technologies in wood construction (Germany) and Farmers helping Farmers

1.  Farmers helping farmers: an Austrian relief organization   In 1992 Doraja Eberle and her Husband Alexander founded the private Austrian aid organization “Farmers help farmers” to relieve the terrible misery of the innumerable people who have been driven from their homes and deprived of their rights in former Yugoslavia.

The first generous donations came from Salzburg farmers who spontaneously provided timber from their land to build wooden houses in the war zone and so the organization found its name. Today, “Farmers Help Farmers” is well known far beyond Austria’s borders and is supported by generous private donations from Germany, the USA, Canada and elsewhere. Thanks to these donations and a team of strong voluntary workers, -     Regular aid shipments are sent to the crisis area, Help is provided for reconstruction of damaged houses and starting again a farming activity,  Wooden houses are built for allowing homeless families to have a roof over their heads.

 

2.  Wooden low-cost houses technology

The “Farmers help Farmers” house building project has been successfully running for several years. About 390 wooden houses have been erected until now. These houses which are ready to move in after only four days costs approximately 3000 dollars, including furniture, fixtures and fittings. For a family, such a house is not just a roof; it is a big step towards returning to normality. In many cases, it helps people to live near their destroyed houses during the reconstruction period. Today through a kind of assembly line approach and with careful engineering, each house costs only $3000. This includes appliances, a full bathroom, and a sleeping loft for an 800-square-foot house.

 

Special attention is always given to the needs of handicapped, elder persons and women. The construction method is quite simple, avoid the need of foundations, preserve the style and architectural characteristics of the area, allows a good thermal insulation, can be learned by local workers, and is certainly transferable in other circumstances of disaster, emergency or poverty. In 1992, it has been developed by Eng. Josef Egle who has since created “The Institute for applied technologies in wood construction” (Germany). This institute can now offer a great experience in projects for constructing and finishing wooden houses in several kinds of circumstances.

 

The basis-material wood has many advantages, for example durability, resistance, esthetics and what is more it’s re-growing too. Wood is certainly a valuable natural building material for the 21st century. There are lots of new ideas for wooden low cost houses in quite different regions in the world. For example very easy methods of prefabrication, insulation with sawmill or loam, cheap mobile sawing and cutting machines, central installed numerical machines and so on.

 

3.  Entrepreneurs Don’t Always Seek Personal Financial Gain

One attribute that ties all entrepreneurs together is hope. Whether operating in the for-profit world or the not for profit world, entrepreneurs must often be optimistic to a fault in order to succeed. The public is often unaware of the entrepreneurial characteristics of those in the not for profit world. Still, many of the challenges in some countries are the same for not for profit and for-profit entrepreneurs: tricky management issues, bureaucracy, corruption and raising money.

Entrepreneurs, whether not for profit or for-profit, need to take risks, to be creative, lead people, inspire action with vision, and just plain follows up to make things happen.

Farmers Helping Farmers has be founded as an humanitarian aid group to assist those in need in the war-devastated areas of Bosnia and Kosovo.

The former Yugoslavia was a peaceful and prosperous neighbor to Austria. Under Tito’s communist leadership, Austria’s relationship with its neighbor was far better than with Soviet-controlled Hungary or Czechoslovakia. Yet, post Cold War, post Berlin Wall, post Tito, for complex and ill-understood reasons, the former Yugoslavia has now been divided into six little countries of more or less distinct ethnic groups that seem to have nothing more pressing to do than attempt to annihilate each other.

 

But, without even such an expansive view of the risks of these conflicts, the horror of their barbaric ways is reminiscent of the Holocaust. The distances between Austria and these countries are small, like traveling from New York to Washington, D.C. But the real distance, measured not in miles but in the quality of people’s lives, is a massive chasm.

The Bosnian War in 1992 was on the Austrian television every night. Doraja Eberle knew she had to work to stop the human suffering. She felt an overwhelming urge to go there, even though she wasn’t sure where “there” was.

 

4.  Developing a Vision      

One day a priest escorted Doraja to an area south of Zagreb where hundreds of farmhouses had been destroyed. Doraja didn’t know what she could do to help, so, through an interpreter, she asked. The people were living in cellars with candles for light and no running water. They had refused to leave their homes. They told Doraja that she was the first person who had asked what they wanted and who didn’t bring them things they didn’t need. What they did want was to stay in their homes. Doraja looked around and saw only hovels.

“I had never built a house before,” Doraja says. “So I came home, and my husband and I remembered a television show about betting on crazy ideas. There was a bet that said, ‘Do you think that 100 men can build 100 wooden houses in 100 hours?’ We remembered that and called the show’s producers to ask where we can find the people who built the wooden houses. We saw one of the houses the next week and asked them to build one for us in our garden so that we could learn how to build them. Then we wrote 100 letters to 100 friends. I think in the next week we got the money for the first house. One house costed $5,000. That is how it all started.”

 

Today through a kind of assembly line approach and with careful engineering, each house costs only $3000. This includes appliances, a full bathroom, and a sleeping loft for an 800-square-foot house.

“The good thing about our houses is that when we started our program, we promise a house and we fulfill the promise in four days,” Doraja says. “A house is so much more than a roof and four walls. Nobody believed us. I’ve seen what other organizations promises mean. The people get the fence, the brick, and the wood thrown in front of their land. That is their house. Things get stolen; the wood gets wet, so there’s no house. So, I said, we can do it another way. We promise a house on Sunday night, and by Friday we move them in. They are the handicapped, the elderly, the desperate, and we give them a house to live in. That gives them hope.”

 

It’s important to note that Farmers help Farmers doesn’t give people things they don’t need or support them in a way that makes them dependent. Instead, Doraja Eberle listens to her market, finds out what the people need, and empowers them with tools, animals, seeds, etc. to live independently so that they can rebuild their own lives

 

5.  Building an Organization on Principles

In the over eight years, Farmers Helping Farmers, using only volunteers, has built over 390 houses for the elderly, the handicapped and the destitute throughout Bosnia, Croatia and Kosovo. The organization also runs a “godparents” program. Through this program, six times a year, 780 families in Austria, Germany and Italy make care packages for families in the war zones. It is clear that the personal nature of the packages is essential to their mission.

  “It makes all the difference that we are like postmen,” says Doraja Eberle. “Their names are on the packages and that makes it easy for us to give and easy for them to accept. It wasn’t from me; it was from a ‘godparent.’ People are ashamed to be dependent on humanitarian aid. I’ve watched mass distribution, and it doesn’t work. It reduces people to act like animals.”

Thinking out-of-the-box enabled Doraja to come up with the godparents program, addressing both the needs for direct assistance and the problems of mass distribution. Farmers Helping Farmers establishes a long-lasting relationship in the tiny villages it assists. Creative ways of looking at problems has enabled this organization to make a real difference.

 

“Alexander and I go in first,” Doraja explains. “We decide if our team of 40 people can help. We prefer little villages because we want to help everybody there. We prefer areas where Muslims, Serbs and Croats live together, because we want to make a point when we build our houses, side by side, that they won’t be separated again. We stay for up to a year and a half. They get a house, seeds, tools and animals. We take care of a school and pay the salary for a doctor and a nurse.”

 

6.  Failures are Necessary for Success        So often, I have found that the best entrepreneurial successes come when we don’t know enough about something to realize an idea “won’t work.” A positive attitude and a refusal to hear “why something can’t be done” are often how what seems impossible becomes reality.

The success of Farmers Helping Farmers reveals how entrepreneurs take risks and learn from experiences. For example, the godparents program is an incredibly successful part of the aid program, but it came about because of analyzing failures. Like many good entrepreneurial ideas, it was born out of necessity when an earlier version failed.

 

“We have learned from our mistakes within the past few years,” Doraja Eberle says. “One mistake was mass distribution. It should be avoided. It is so much against human dignity that at the end of the 20th century people still have to fight for a piece of bread. We have found 780 godparents. These families regularly pack food parcels for their special families. We learned to put people’s names on the packages. When they see that it is especially for them, often they cry. And the godparents also feel a special attachment. They pack the boxes with loving care.”

It is recognized that simple aid is not enough. It must be given in a way that rebuilds self-worth in people who have been dehumanized by the machines and soldiers of war. The promises are not empty.

 

7.  A New Challenge – Kosovo      

“Many people brought money after the Kosovo war. Very often we ask why do people trust us? Doraya says, Why do they put $1,000 or even $10,000, just like that on the table. When we asked people they say it is because we go there personally.”     

Inundated by contributions, Doraja Eberle realized that she had to respond and set about figuring out how. Large, established aid organizations told her they didn’t need the donations she was ready to give them. Farmers became then one of the first aid organization into Kosovo after the NATO bombing stopped. In a matter of weeks, they had rebuilt the roofs on 77 homes destroyed during the war. Farmers Helping Farmers is an incredible, efficient entrepreneurial organization. Its volunteers are fluid, respond to challenge with a real “we can do it” attitude, and do not flinch from taking a risk. They have a truly entrepreneurial attitude: the worst they can do is not to try.     

   

8.  Raising Money       

 Farmers helping Farmers accounting system is quite simple. The money that is raised is spent on good work as quickly as possible. If more money is raised, FHF builds more houses and feeds more people. Because there are no administrative costs, 100% of the money that comes in, goes out to meet the needs of the poorest people.

 

9.  Spirit of Enterprise

If the essence of what Responsible spirit of enterprise really means whether you’re out to make a profit or engineer a better world. First, entrepreneurs are all about missions and passions. An essential part of any successful venture, whether for profit or not, is having a clear vision of where the organization is going.. Second, Doraja’s perseverance and single-minded “can-do” attitude are examples of what entrepreneurs do best. Finally, Doraja’s sense of ethics, leading her to refuse to pay bribes and figure out ways to out-fox both the Mafia and government officials, illustrates the best of Responsible spirit of enterprise.

 

Perseverance, creativity, and having a mission and a vision for the future are a large part of what being an entrepreneur is all about. Raising needed money, taking risks on ideas, failing sometimes and starting again - these are all entrepreneurial traits.

 

When it comes to the “responsible” part, I think of ethics, which of course is a relative and debatable concept, but also being responsible is giving back in some way to one’s community. Doraja Eberle is the essence of this. Teaching entrepreneurship in Central and Eastern Europe doesn’t have to and shouldn’t be just about creating profitable enterprises. Profit is far from the goal of Farmers helping Farmers, but a sense of entrepreneurial spirit is key to its success. What is exciting is that the entrepreneurial spirit can be focused on such disparate goals -- from building better bricks to building homes for refugees. Entrepreneurs can be the engines for a train of hope that can produce responsible entrepreneurs that barrel through this troubled region as well as other areas of the world that have been left in a disastrous situation. 

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Website of Farmers help Farmers (German): www.bhb.sbg.at  

Contact:

Alexander und Doraja Eberle

A-5082 Grödig bei Salzburg

Prötschhofstraße 12

Tel.: +43 - (0)62 46 - 734 08

e-mail: bhb(AT)bhb.sbg.at 

 

Architectes de l'urgence - Depuis 2001, architectes, ingénieurs et planificateurs utilisent leurs expertises professionnelles afin d’apporter une aide appropriée et durable à toutes les victimes de catastrophes naturelles, technologiques ou humaines, sans distinction de nationalité, de sexe ou de religion

http://www.archi-urgent.com/

 

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